The Different Types of File Systems
The three major operating systems, Windows, Apple's iOS, and Linux each have their own file systems.
Windows uses NTFS - or the New Techonolgy File System used by Windows XP, Windows 7, and Windows 8. Windows 7 allows for files of up to 16.3 terabytes. Windows used to use the File Allocation Table - Windows 95 had FAT32, which allowed for a max file size of 4 GB.
Apple's HFS+ - Hierarchical File System Plus. Apple dropped the original HFS in 2009 with the adoption of Snow Leopard. HFS Plus can handle files up to 8 exabytes, or 8 million TB.
Linux has ext4 - the fourth extended file system, which has the same maximum file size as recent Windows editions - 16.3 terabytes.