If you're doing data intensive work online, and your PC is stretching the amount of available RAM, consider switching web browsers. The amount of RAM taken up for online work can vary significantly depending on which web browser you use. An online test discussed by Marshall Honorof here, shows that when numerous tabs are open, Microsoft Edge will use considerably less memory than Chrome or Firefox. See this chart:

The April 2021 Osier release of RelativityOne includes a new option on the PDF profile for PDFs created with mass operations. PDFs of PowerPoint files can be set to automatically print with comments and speaker notes. See the new section for PowerPoint below that for Word.

The notes and comments for each slide will be displayed in different sections, one above the other, both below the image of the slide itself.

In 2019, New York State passed new legislation, the Stop Hacks and Improve Electronic Data Security Act (the SHIELD Act), N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 899-bb. The SHIELD Act requires businesses to implement reasonable safeguards to protect the security and confidentiality of the private information of New York State residents.

A business must adopt a data security program, and take the following measures:

  1. Identify company employees who are responsible for enforcing the program.

  2. Identify reasonably forseeeable external and internal risks.

  3. Assess the adequacy of the safeguards, in particular evaluating:

  4. network risks

  5. software risks

  6. data processing risks

  7. data transmission risks

  8. data storage risks

  9. Provide training in the security program to its employees.

  10. Engage service providers who are contractually bound to implement the safeguards.

  11. Update the program as circumstances change.

  12. Respond to attacks or failures of its system.

  13. Test the effectiveness of its program.

  14. Dispose of information when it is no longer needed for any business purpose.

The SHIELD Act specifically directs that electronic media be erased so that data cannot be reconstructed when private data is disposed of.

The measures taken by a smaller business need only be proportional to the resources of the business; the scope of its activities; and the nature of the personal information it collects, if the business has fewer than 50 employees; less than $3M in gross annual revenue for the past 3 years; or has less than $5M in total assets.

A business will be automatically considered to be in compliance with the SHIELD Act if it complies with the regulations of the following:

1. Title V of the Gramm-Leach Bliley Act which addresses consumer data held by financial institutions.


3. Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act

4. New York State's cybersecurity requirements for financial services companies under 23 CRR-NY § 500; OR

5. The data security regulations of any other federal or New York state department or agency.

The SHIELD Act added biometric data, and user & password account information, to SSN, driver license number, bank account number, and credit card number data covered by earlier legislation.

Sean O'Shea has more than 15 years of experience in the litigation support field with major law firms in New York and San Francisco.   He is an ACEDS Certified eDiscovery Specialist and a Relativity Certified Administrator.

The views expressed in this blog are those of the owner and do not reflect the views or opinions of the owner’s employer.


All content provided on this blog is for informational purposes only. The owner of this blog makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site. The owner will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information.


This policy is subject to change at any time.


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