Litigation Support Tip of the Night

October 23, 2019

In PowerPoint, you can use an easy trick to add emphasis to a specific area of a photo. 

1.  On the photo, circle the area that you want to emphasis with the circle or oval shape. 

2. Then select both the shape and the photo itself.  Be sure to select the photo first and then press CTRL and select the circle. 

3. Under the Drawing Tools . . . Format menu, and on the far left select Merge Shapes . . . Fragment. 

4.  Then select the background photo and go to the Picture Tools . . . Format menu, and on the far left select Artistic Effects and choose a blurred version of the photo. 

July 10, 2019

When choosing between Plasma, LCD, OLED, and CRT display monitors keep in mind the following:

Cathode Ray Tube monitors can only go up to 43 inches, but LCD can be up to 108” and a Plasma screen can be as long as 150 inches.  

LCD will consume very low energy, but CRT monitors will use a lot. 

OLED screens have a higher risk of ‘image burn in’. 

March 30, 2019

Freeware available here, allows you to convert all files in a directory from one image format to another.     Simply download the topng.exe to a folder containing the image files you want to convert.    Press CTRL + SHIFT and right click and then select 'Open command window here'.    Enter this command:

for %a in (*.bmp) do topng %a jpg

, , , to convert each .bmp to the .jpg format.   To PNG handles the jpeg; png; gif; .bmp; and tiff formats. 

March 27, 2019

Purrint is another way to automatically save image files in Windows after pressing the PRTSC button.   It's available for download here. [If you have the AutoHotKey executable running which was discussed in last night's tip, close it.  It will stop Purrint from running.]  It will give you the option to either copy a screen to the clipboard, print it as a hard copy, or save it as a file.   

If you click on Options (then click on the cat to bring up the advanced options) you'll see you can set Purrint to automatically save files to a particular location, without it actually appearing.   You can access the Purrint interface again by clicking on its icon in the system tray. 

It's also possible to use Purrint to automatically save images at a set time interval.

November 29, 2018

There are two basic digital color models:

  • RGB (Red / Green / Blue ) Color Model - combines the three primary colors to produce an array of colors.

  • HSL ( Hue / Saturation / Lightness ) Color Model - colors of each hue are shown a scale from white at the top to black at the bottom.

Color computer monitors will use mixtures of red, green, and blue light.   The HSL color model is often used for the selection of colors.  

The RGB color model will often be represented as a cube, with red growing in degree along the width of the cube; blue increasing along the length of the cube; and green intensifying with the height. 

The HSL model is represented as a cylinder, which each hue arranged around the axis, varying in degree from white at the top, and black at the bottom. 

In Excel these color models can be seen in the Styles section of the Home tab.  Click on the drop down arrow and then click, 'New Cell Style'.  Then click Format, and on the Fill tab select 'More Colors . . .'.  On the custom tab, you'll see you have a choice between RGB and HSL in the color model menu.

With the RGB model the higher the number of any color (on a scale of 0 to 255), the greater it's intensity.   Setting red, green, and blue at zero will produce black; setting each primary color at 255 will produce white.   

With the HSL model, the higher numbers for Hue represent the violet end of the spectrum and the lower numbers red.  The Saturation setting will give a pure color at a maximum setting of 255, and a grayed out one at zero. The luminance or lightness setting makes colors lighter for higher numbers. 

An alternative color model is CMYK (Cyan / Magenta / Yellow / Black ) which uses the subtractive primary colors in combinations to produce various colors.   

September 3, 2018

Don't miss that in the Accessories menu of Windows 7 you can find a snipping tool.

The Snipping Tool can be used to select a rectangular screen grab, a window, the full screen, or a free form area. 

December 6, 2017

If you're looking for some freeware which will help you create animated GIFs, ignore Cropper (found on codeplex here: ), and instead try the nice and easy GifCam.   I tested Cropper.   After I added the .dll file which were supposed to enable it to create animated GIFs and followed the necessary steps, in only allowed me to record a GIF for a split second.   I don't know what was wrong exactly, but GifCam is worry free. 

GifCam downloads as a single executable - you don't have to install it.    The application will open as a separate window and allow you to frame whatever application you want to record.   

You simply press REC, then STOP, and save your GIF.    I create the below animated GIF with no trouble at all!


October 27, 2017

Here's another great tip by way of Roy Zur of Cybint.   Nearly everyone knows about the Street View feature in Google Maps that lets you get a ground level view from countless streets all around the USA and the world.    Don't miss out on the fact that you can select street views captured on multiple dates going back several years in the past. 

 Click where it says 'Street View' in the upper left and you'll be able to scroll back and forth between images of a street photographed by Google at intervals of several months.   It's a great why to collect evidence. 

October 13, 2017

Sometimes after you've carefully created a demo video with captions in Active Presenter, as I did for last night's tip, you'll want to export the text of the captions.   Active Presenter does not provide an easy way to do this, but it can be accomplished. 

Go to the  LOCALIZE tab and select Export to XLIFF.    Accept the default settings and save the xliff file to your hard drive. 

Install the XLIFF to HTML converter from LOC People, available at .   

This utility will convert xliff file to a html in which you can easily select the captioned text. 

July 28, 2017

You can use Jeffrey's Image Metadata Viewer to harvet meta data in a graphic file.  See the site here,

It's recommended by Craig Ball.

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Sean O'Shea has more than 15 years of experience in the litigation support field with major law firms in New York and San Francisco.   He is an ACEDS Certified eDiscovery Specialist and a Relativity Certified Administrator.

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